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A Wow for Laowa?

In the last month or so, I’ve had the opportunity to use Laowa’s 12mm F2.8 zero distortion lens along with its own filter holder and Nisi’s custom made filter holder. The version I have is for a canon mount. Overall, it’s a great piece of equipment for a reasonable price and takes up very little real estate in an already fully stuffed camera bag. Like most gear however, it’s not without its issues. I’ve only taken it out for three shoots and used it around the house, so there may be aspects that I haven’t had the chance to test entirely but I’m more than happy to test any aspect requested (if I get the chance to shoot!)

Unfortunately I’m not really tech-savvy when it comes to lens reviews, I just want to know how it serves my specific purposes. With that in mind, this is a rough index of what I’m going to comment upon.

  1. The lens itself
  2. How wide is 12mm ? Is it too wide?
  3. Night photography
  4. Sharpness stopped down
  5. Flare and sunstars
  6. Filter holders (native and Nisi)

The lens:

I’m not going to bother with discussing things like packaging. It’s sufficient and professional . What surprised me out of the box was how compact this unit is. It weight (610g) would allow me to bring it on hikes though perhaps only those where astro photography is a priority. It feels solid in the hand and appears to be built like a tank. Its size also allows a huge bonus for a lens of this focal length ; the ability to use 100mm filter kits! As a prime lens with manual focus, it would be difficult to achieve quick ‘on the fly’ shots without risking focus issues. Having said that, because it’s a prime lens, it has a nice feature of charting hyperfocal length on the lens itself .  You can hence position focus at infinity at one end , and make sure there are no objects closer than the focal length marked at the other end of the scale for your given aperture (see diagram below). I have yet to shoot panoramas with this lens but there is a marked ‘entrance pupil’ on the lens that assists with finding a nodal point .

The lens with its bulbous front element.

The rightmost number indicates the current aperture. The middle row of numbers indicates that focus at F5.6 will be between approximately 0.45 to 0.7m. If you wanted to use this as a walkabout lens without thinking, you could adjust the leftmost marker to infinity and not shoot anything closer to the focal length indicated on the right marker

How wide is 12mm?

The answer is VERY wide. This is probably best shown with some images which I took at Lake Bonney. The first image was taken with my Canon 16-35mm F4 lens. The second image was taken with the Laowa albeit, standing a few metres further back. You can see the inclusion of the tree on the left. This makes for a lot of possibilities with sweeping foregrounds but could lead to minimising of anything that’s not very imposing in the background.

16mm shot taken at Lake Bonney

12mm showing the inclusion of the additional tree on the left but minimising of the furthermost trees as seen in the 16mm version

Swirling foregrounds for waterscapes become very interesting with the 12mm. Unfortunately, given I was standing in the water, I did not take a comparison shot with the 16-35mm

Night photography:

As an owner of the 16-35mm F4 lens , I was making do with F4 for night images so once again, the prospect of a wide angle F2.8 lens was extremely appealing. The other lens I was considering was the 16-35mm F2.8 III. My version II has taken a fair battering and I had always had issues with coma and softness in the corners which meant that I was willing to sacrifice one stop of light to use the 16-35mm F4. Finding focus in the dark has always been a little finicky but achievable. With this lens, as in the example illustrated above, I set the far focus for my aperture at infinity meaning that I could have everything in focus from approximately 1.5m and beyond. During this shoot, I did not check to see whether the infinity focus itself is true infinity. This technique worked quite well for me. The main issues I wanted to explore were a) how sharp is this lens at F2.8 at the centre and in the corners? b) how does this compare with the canon 16-35mm F4? c) Did the focusing method above result in ‘missed’ focus. The images below demonstrate the results. The Laowa is a little soft at the corners but still better than the 16-35mm F2.8 II. Centre sharpness was just fine . One interesting phenomenon not related to the lens itself was the ‘ole 500/focal length rule for still stars. At 12mm , I though I could therefore get away with 40 second exposures and have no trailing. For some reason, exposures of 30 seconds or more still showed significant trailing which means that rule doesn’t seem to apply for very wide focal lengths??

100% crops from the same image taken at F2.8 30 seconds. You can see some softness in the bottom image but not a great deal of coma.

Corners of the Laowa vs Canon 16-35mm F4. The Laowa was a 30 second exposure, the Canon 25 seconds.

Final edited image of the scene demonstrated in the first image. A second foreground exposure was taken at lower iso for cleaner noise in the dark water.

Sharpness at F11 and beyond 

Most of the time in the field, I’m shooting between F11 to F16 since I tend to shoot with foreground elements present. The images below show the centre vs corner sharpness at 100% viewing in LR of the RAW file (with shadows lifted so you can see the detail). They were taken within a minute of each other with the same lighting conditions.  I think there is very little between the Laowa and the Canon lens at the centre while there is some softness of the Laowa in the corner comparison. Note there wasn’t a lot of chromatic aberration even with this kind of dramatic lighting going on.

Not much difference in centre sharpness between the two lenses

Both are a little fuzzy in the extreme corners but canon seems a reasonably clear winner here?

Sunstars and Flare:

Stopped down to F22, I’ve had a couple of opportunities to shoot sunstars. The 7 aperture blades do seem to provide a good star but perhaps not as aesthetically pleasing as the Canon 16-35mm F4 ( and F2.8II). Shooting directly into light does give a circular flare which I’ll have to experiment with when there’s more direct sun.

Different types of flare evident between the Laowa and Canon lenses.

Laowa’s sunstar is quite appealing

Filter Holders:

 I received my lens with Laowa’s own filter holder. I had heard some horrendous stories about it so I was prepared for the worst. In actual fact, the current version I received was nowhere near as terrible as was made out to be. It clips directly on to the front of the lens and has slots for two 100mm filter and a 95mm polariser. I don’t own a 95mm CPL so this was an aspect of their filter holder that I could not test. It did cause vignetting but once again, not that troublesome as you can see from the images below. It’s main limitation (other than the 95mm CPL ) is the fact that ND filters with foam gaskets to prevent light leak just do not fit into the slots in the correct orientation. In an attempt to slot them in with the foam facing outward, you can see the somewhat amusing result below.

Nisi filters however do provide a custom adapter ring which also easily slots on to the front ring of the lens. It allows their standard CPL to be used as well as slots for 2 ND filters. I wanted to see how the three slot filter would perform and unfortunately , with three filter slots in place, even the Nisi holder does result equivalent vignetting as Laowa’s holder. Since I have two filter holders, I will have to remove one slot from one but I can see that for many shooters, having to remove one slot might limit options stacking when using other lenses and wanting to stack three filters. I will be using the Nisi version of the holder simply because this allows me to use a CPL and ND filters.

Vignetting of the Laowa holder with 2 slots vs Nisi holder with 3 slots

Attempted (and unsuccessful)  long exposure with the Laowa and a successful one with the Nisi holder

A) Laowa filter holder B) Nisi adapter ring attached C) Nisi holder with 3 slots attached D) Nisi with standard CPL


Overall, I think the Laowa 12mm F2.8 is a good quality lens but not quite at the standard of the better Canon L lenses. It’s good for photographers whose style leans toward expansive foregrounds and grand scenes. It’s also a very good lens for milkyway photography. It’s a solidly built lens that so far seems durable (I’ll have to comment on this a year down the line) and there are options for using 100mm filters which is pretty unique for a lens of this focal length. The Nisi filter holder is definitely the more practical of the two filter holders that are available. I don’t think I would bring this as a sole lens for a backpacking trip since it would be too wide for many documentary or detail scenes. For those used to shooting not quite so wide , it may take some time to get used to finding different styles of compositions.  For $1400 AUD, it’s less than half the RRP of the Canon 16-35mm F2.8 III and about the same price as the 16-35mm F4.

I’ll be honest in saying that before I received this lens,  I wouldn’t have gone out of my way to buy it.  But now that I have it, I do realise that it has opened up doors. I’ll pretty much use it exclusively for my milky way shoots and will definitely bring it for most other landscape shoots excluding the multiday backpacking trips. I hope that the images and information was helpful to you and for those of you who own it, I’d be interested to hear of your experiences! It’s a ‘wow’ to Laowa from me 🙂

Beautiful skies over Encounter Bay. Shot with a Nisi filter holder and 4 stop soft GND.


North Island Exposure

Have you found that when you discover a new photographic technique you tend to overdo it? This can be a field technique such as using reverse grads, it can be a post processing technique like using the ‘orton’ effect. Then after time, you realise that perhaps that technique isn’t the savior of all images and that those scenes could possibly have been shot or processed a better way? Today I thought I’d share with you some long exposures taken on the recent trip to New Zealand. Not every scene benefits from a very long exposure and on most occasions I end up taking shorter exposure versions as well. In fact, unless I have a vision in mind, I tend to veer away from very long exposures as they chew up valuable time during changing light! We have an assortment of ND filters to help us with day time long exposures. I prefer using a screw on 10 stop filter but we own a Lee ‘big stopper’ as well. I find that 10 stops is often too severe, especially around dusk. As a result, I end up using the 3 stop hard edged GND positioned over the entire image along with a 2 stop ND filter to give me 5 stops of light reduction.

Scene 1: Auckland city from Orakei wharf. Seas were pretty choppy and the clouds were moving horizontally across the city with golden light from  dawn starting to peak through. I thought it was a good opportunity to emphasise lines across the image while I took a few shorter exposures of boats crossing the scene. It just so happened that the light faded on the poles during the exposure. This was taken with a 70-200mm lens , 10 stopper and 3 stop soft GND .


Scene 2: This was taken on Tumutmu road heading west from Waitomo caves village. As I arrived, I had to take some shots very quickly as the sheep ran from the moment I pulled out the camera! The clouds once again were moving quite quickly with faint dawn light coming through a layer of cloud and mist. The short exposures didn’t really capture anything dramatic in terms of cloud texture so I opted for a longer exposure in the sky. The images were blended for this result which won’t be to everyone’s liking but in my head I was thinking “running sheep, running clouds”. I think it’s important to put together some basic edits on the road for these sorts of composite images so you don’t lost the concept upon reviewing the archive many weeks later.

Waitomo countryside

Scene 3: Taranaki. This was taken on an overnight hike to Pouakai hut. The tarns are 1km from the hut and easily accessed through a boardwalked path. This evening did not look promising only a few minutes prior with the mountain shrouded in cloud and as it started to clear, there were two layers of cloud at its base and near its summit. I had hoped to capture a long exposure version of the two areas of drifting cloud but by the time I had set things up, the top band of cloud had dissolved away. Such are the risks of long exposure photography when you only have one shot at a changing scene!


Scene 4: Cathedral Cove. I mentioned before that the risk of long exposures is missing very temporary passing light. We stayed at this location for three days so I knew I would have a few opportunities to take images. When I arrived that morning and saw that the clouds were blowing directly overhead rapidly I thought this might be a good scene for a radiating long exposure with the sun. I find 10 stops of light stoppage too much on many occasions and so for this shot I used the 5 stop set up as outlined above.  Once again, the form of the clouds on shorter exposure was not particularly appealing hence the change in mindset to using longer exposures.

Cathedral Cove

Scene 5: Burke Street Jetty. We had intended to shoot this location at sunset but with kiddies bed time routine and the distance from Hahei, we decided to forego those plans for this trip and perhaps stay at the town of Thames for future wanderings around this jetty. From Thames , it is also a good base to delve deeper into the Corromandel mountains. Light was flat and grey on this day and there was little in the way of water motion for dramatic fast action shots. The birds themselves were quite content sitting still. This was not a planned shot but a ‘see how it goes’ long exposure which ended up being quite suited to mono treatment I thought.

Burke Street Jetty


There are really only a few images I would like to process from our trip left (including a few tricky panoramas to stitch). I hope this insight into long exposure photography has been helpful and we hope to take some more over a brief holiday to the coast over christmas!